General Circulation Model simulations of the mid-Pliocene warm period (mPWP, 3.264 to 3.025 Myr ago) currently underestimate the level of warming that proxy data suggest existed at high latitudes, with discrepancies of up to 11°C for sea surface temperature estimates and 17°C for surface air temperature estimates. Sea ice has a strong influence on high-latitude climates, partly due to the albedo feedback. We present results demonstrating the effects of reductions in minimum sea ice albedo limits in general circulation model simulations of the mPWP. While mean annual surface air temperature increases of up to 6°C are observed in the Arctic, the maximum decrease in model-data discrepancies is just 0.81°C. Mean annual sea surface temperatures increase by up to 2°C, with a maximum model-data discrepancy improvement of 1.31°C. It is also suggested that the simulation of observed 21st century sea ice decline could be influenced by the adjustment of the sea ice albedo parameterization.
“People are grabbing everything they can – vodka, cognac and beer,” said one employee at a budget supermarket in the Moscow region who was restocking shelves with vodka. “People mostly buy whatever is cheapest.”Sultan Khamzaev, head of Sober Russia which campaigns to reduce alcohol consumption, said the spike in sales was driven by long holidays, stress, fears that alcohol would run out, and a belief among many Russians that alcohol offers some protection against the new coronavirus.Heavy drinking has long been considered a serious health hazard in Russia, especially among men, but alcohol consumption has fallen sharply over the last decade.Authorities have called on Russians to refrain from self-medicating with alcohol and said drinking can neither cure COVID-19 or prevent someone catching it.”Attempting to treat everything with alcohol and delaying medical treatment definitely worsens the situation when a patient arrives [at a hospital], when it is already impossible to save him,” Health Minister Mikhail Murashko said on television this week.Yet the Ministry of Industry and Trade has called on regions not to set restrictions on the sale of alcohol, citing potential for “serious social tension” if curbs were imposed. Russian retailers have seen a sharp spike in alcohol sales in recent weeks, with consumers rushing to buy vodka, whisky and beer at a time when Moscow and other regions have imposed partial lockdowns to stem the spread of the coronavirus.In the last week of March, vodka sales across Russia’s largest retail chains jumped 31% in year-on-year terms, while whisky and beer purchases increased 47% and 25% respectively, Nielsen, a market research firm, found.President Vladimir Putin last week prolonged until April 30 a paid non-working period across Russia, which has so far reported 10,131 cases of the novel coronavirus. Many Russian companies have asked employees to work at home, some have told them to take unpaid leave, while others have cut salaries or fired people. In Moscow, residents are only allowed to go out to buy food or medicine at a nearby store, get urgent medical help, walk the dog, or take out the trash.Magnit, one of Russia’s largest food retail chains, said it had seen double-digit growth in alcohol sales since partial lockdowns were introduced across the country.Lenta and O’Key said alcohol sales had increased by a third.The manager of a major alcohol supplier said sales of inexpensive imported alcohol had doubled in annual terms since the measures came into force. Topics :
Share Global financial crime screening experts Accuity will host the next SBC Webinar on Thursday 9 July (14.30 BST): ‘Coming out of lockdown: Gambling, compliance, and the new normal’.Online gambling’s compliance roadmap has been disrupted by the unprecedented events of 2020, as multiple regulators increase oversight on KYC and customer care demands on both a temporary and long-term basis.A specialist in developing financial crime screening and KYC solutions for mass-market enterprises, Accuity will detail to SBC audiences the core factors and challenges as operators return to business across all verticals.Joining Accuity are Steven Armstrong, Group Director of AML at William Hill, who will provide insight into how operators are navigating these challenges; and Manfred Galdes, Managing Partner of Arq Group, who will share insights on the regulatory and legal elements operators need to consider.Tom Holmes – AccuityLeading the webinar, Tom Holmes, Key Account Manager, Accuity said: “While gaming operators are becoming increasingly sophisticated in their financial crime screening approach, COVID-19 has brought significant challenges to the industry. Lockdowns are easing and sports may be resuming, but it will not be a case of just ‘going back to normal’.Reduced staffing will put more pressure on teams, consolidated sporting schedules will mean more transactions to screen, and static budgets see less investment available for screening technology. These represent huge challenges, but operators can’t afford to take their eye off compliance and responsible gambling.At Accuity, we’re working with our customers so they can use technology safely, to ease the pressure on their compliance teams and uphold their compliance obligations.”SBC Webinar details· ‘Title – ‘Coming out of lockdown: Gambling, compliance, and the new normal’.Date – Thursday 9 July 2020 – 14:30 AM BSTSpeakers: Tom Holmes, Key Account Manager, Accuity; Steven Armstrong, Group Director of AML, William Hill; Manfred Galdes, Managing Partner, Arq Group. SBC Digital Summit: Customer circumstance is the hardest dynamic to gauge under a crisis scenario April 30, 2020 William Hill matches finance sector screening capacity with Accuity July 8, 2020 Related Articles Share ______________________ Payment Expert brings together industry leaders to conclude Digital Summit Payments track April 29, 2020 StumbleUpon Submit