Three journalists held since 2001 die in Eiraeiro prison camp

first_img Reports October 27, 2020 Find out more Help by sharing this information News to go further News EritreaAfrica Receive email alerts News April 14, 2021 Find out more RSF urges Swedish judicial authorities to reverse Dawit Isaak decisioncenter_img Swedish prosecutors again refuse to investigate Dawit Isaak case August 30, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Three journalists held since 2001 die in Eiraeiro prison camp RSF_en Follow the news on Eritrea After several weeks of investigating reports from sources in Eritrea and from prison guards who fled the country, Reporters Without Borders has been able to confirm that three more journalists – Dawit Habtemichael, Mattewos Habteab and Wedi Itay – have died in the northeastern prison camp of Eiraeiro. All three had been held since late 2001.Another journalist arrested in February 2009, whose identity has not been established with certainty, has also reportedly died in detention – in his case, in Abi Abeito military prison near the capital, Asmara.The only good news is that Tesfalidet “Topo” Mebrahtu, a well-known sports journalist who worked for state-owned radio Dimtsi Hafash and state-owned Eri-TV, was “released on bond” (he is still under surveillance, with relatives acting as guarantors) in early 2012 after being held for 10 months.”While all eyes are turned on Syria, another, less visible, tragedy is being played out in Eritrea, a country forgotten by the international community although it is the world’s leading media freedom violator and Africa’s biggest prison for journalists ” Reporters Without Borders said. “In Eritrea, journalists have been thrown in prison just for daring to express their opinions. Some have been held for more than 10 years and are disappearing one by one. Located in the northeast of the country, Eiraeiro is not a prison, it is a death camp.” Reporters Without Borders first revealed details about conditions at Eiraeiro in January 2008 (http://en.rsf.org/eritrea-new-revelations-about-eiraeiro-30-01-2008,3337…), after meeting a former camp guard. Further details were provided in 2010, on the basis of statements made by another former guard, Eyob Bahta, shortly after he fled to Ethiopia. What follows is based on new eyewitness accounts from this death camp.I – Three more of the journalists held since 2001 die in detentionDawit HabtemichaelArrested on 21 September 2001 after hiding for three days in the school where he taught physics, Habtemichael was the deputy editor and co-founder of the biweekly Meqaleh. Aged 30 at the time of his arrest, he was one of the youngest of the Eritrean journalists to be detained. After his mental health began to deteriorate in 2007, he became schizophrenic and finally lost all contact with reality in 2010. The failure to treat his steadily worsening mental condition is thought to have been the cause of his death in the second half of 2010. He was prisoner No. 12 at Eiraeiro.Mattewos HabteabMeqaleh co-founder and editor Mattewos Habteab and another journalist, Temesgen Gebreyesus, were transferred to a prison in the Dahlak Archipelago in late 2008 but were subsequently brought back to the mainland, to Eiraeiro, and it was there that Habteab finally succumbed to the camp’s appalling conditions.Sahle Tsegazab, aka Wedi ItayBetter known by the pen-name of Wedi Itay, Sahle Tsegazab was a freelance journalist and writer who often worked for privately-owned newspapers such as Keste Debena as well as the pro-government daily Hadas Eritrea. Arrested in October 2001, he died at Eiraeiro from an identified illness and from the lack of medical treatment.It was previously established that four of the other journalists arrested around the same time in 2001 – Medhanie Haile, Yusuf Mohamed Ali, Said Abdulkader and Fessehaye “Joshua” Yohannes – died in detention.As a result, only four members of the group of journalists arrested in September/October 2001 – Dawit Isaac, Seyoum Tsehaye, Amanuel Asrat and Temesgen Gebreyesus – are still alive.II – Torture and mistreatment of state media journalists held since 2009Former prison guard Berhane Afro fled the country earlier this year and is seeking asylum in Israel. He was a guard at Adi Abeito military prison, where most of the journalists arrested at Radio Bana and other state media in February 2009 are being held. He said information minister Ali Abdu and one of his employees, identified only as Asmelash, went to Adi Abeito recently to talk to the prison’s governor, Wedi Welela. He also reported that journalists held at Adi Abeito are subjected to various forms of torture and mistreatment including electric shock, beatings and solitary confinement. Food is sometimes withheld and they are denied medical care.A journalist identified only by the given name of Bereket reportedly died as a result of these appalling conditions. It is believed that this journalist is Bereket Misghina, but Reporters Without Borders cannot confirm this with complete certainty.All the journalists arrested in 2009 are accused of collaborating with western NGOs and government and with exile opposition groups. They are allowed no visits. Some, such as the journalist, writer and translator Mulubrahan Habtegebriel and the young journalist and poet Meles Negusse, are still being held at Adi Abeito. Others have been moved to other detention centres. They include Eri-TV journalist Isaac Abraham, who has been transferred to May Srwa. Yirgalem Fisseha Mebrahtu, a woman journalist who was arrested in February 2009, is reportedly still in an Asmara hospital.Photo : Eiraeiro death camp January 13, 2021 Find out more Prisoner of Conscience Since 2001 – Why has Sweden not managed to bring Dawit Isaak home? EritreaAfrica Organisation last_img read more

Too hot to handle

first_imgIn today’s competitive baking environment, the pressure for higher throughput and maximum yield is unrelenting. Handling and transfer of the product during production is especially critical, and with target yields in the upper-90s percentage-wise, there is minimal room for error.Batch baking processes, which rely on manual handling, involve numerous steps where things can go wrong – many of which occur upstream of the oven. Raw materials selection and mixing are important to ensure correct proportions and viscosity; similarly, it is essential to ensure the correct weights of batter or dough in the depositing or make-up stage.If these steps are carried out manually, they can be subject to human error. Neither is the bake itself immune. Generally, a rack oven is used for batch processes and relies upon manual loading and unloading of trays. Parameters such as temperature, time and fan speed are also manually set. Given these factors, which offer greater opportunity for deviation, it is not surprising that, continuous ovens tend to display higher yields than batch ovens.Automation of baking lines eliminates many of the errors that occur due to manual handling and propels yields beyond 95%. Continuous baking lines, where trays are transported beneath depositing units and through the oven in a single process, provide an instant step-up in reliability. Here, computer control systems with touchscreen interfaces store recipes and handle baking temperature, time and synchronisation with ancillary equipment. Continuous baking systems can provide a smoother journey for the product.Perhaps the most high-risk of all product handling events is de-panning, where options include methods that incorporate vacuum cups, needles and various different ways of upending. In each case, care must be taken to ensure the product is not damaged. Fast de-panning speeds are also needed to support high-throughput lines.Many factors impact de-panning success. Effective greasing or application of the release agent prior to depositing is one. Another is the core temperature of the product being de-panned. The optimum core temperature differs from product to product. Automated systems, featuring integrated cooling modules, ensure that the optimum cooling regime is applied every time.Inclusion of a ’pre-release’ stage upstream of the de-panning equipment can help ensure de-panning success. Effective pre-release depends heavily upon adequate pan greasing. The pan greasing process is so important that errors in this stage account for up to 50% of de-panning problems.millimetre accuracyMillimetre-accurate and typically offering six-axis ’pick-and-place’ functionality, robotic ’multi-head’ de-panners can handle multiple trays at once, transferring products to different conveyors. Robotic solutions also permit the one line to have different types of de-panning heads to suit different products, activating whichever one is required.Automated baking systems create a fully repeatable and controlled environment, with speed of equipment and consistency of operation. Bakers that adopt automated solutions stand to reach their yield targets more quickly and maximise profitability.l Bill Mays is projects design manager with global baking technology group Auto-Bakelast_img read more