China to link Atlantic and Pacific whatsapp Sunday 13 February 2011 11:42 pm whatsapp Read This Next’The View’: Meghan McCain Calls VP Kamala Harris a ‘Moron’ for BorderThe Wrap4 ideal Zion Williamson trade scenarios from the New Orleans PelicansSportsnautRicky Schroder Calls Foo Fighters’ Dave Grohl ‘Ignorant Punk’ forThe WrapRick Leventhal to Exit Fox News Just as His Wife Kelly Leaves ‘RealThe WrapNewsmax Rejected Matt Gaetz When Congressman ‘Reached Out’ for a JobThe Wrap’In the Heights’ Underwhelms at Box Office With $11.4 Million DebutThe WrapJason Whitlock, Former ESPN and Fox Sports Reporter, Resurfaces at BlazeThe WrapFox News’ Mark Levin Says Capitol Riot Suspects ‘Would Be Treated Better’The Wrap’Sex and the City’ Sequel Series at HBO Max Adds 4 More ReturningThe Wrap Show Comments ▼ Tags: NULL by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesBrake For ItThe Most Worthless Cars Ever MadeBrake For ItZen HeraldNASA’s Voyager 2 Has Entered Deep Space – And It Brought Scientists To Their KneesZen HeraldBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBeWanderoamIdentical Twins Marry Identical Twins – But Then The Doctor Says, “STOP”WanderoamAlphaCute30 Rules That All “Hells Angels” Have To FollowAlphaCute KCS-content Share China is in talks to build a “dry canal” linking Colombia’s Atlantic and Pacific coasts by rail, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos was quoted as saying yesterday. The 220km project, dubbed as an alternative to the Panama canal, is one of a series of Chinese proposals that would boost transport links with Asia.
whatsapp Share Read This Next’The View’: Meghan McCain Calls VP Kamala Harris a ‘Moron’ for BorderThe Wrap4 ideal Zion Williamson trade scenarios from the New Orleans PelicansSportsnautRicky Schroder Calls Foo Fighters’ Dave Grohl ‘Ignorant Punk’ forThe WrapRick Leventhal to Exit Fox News Just as His Wife Kelly Leaves ‘RealThe WrapNewsmax Rejected Matt Gaetz When Congressman ‘Reached Out’ for a JobThe Wrap’In the Heights’ Underwhelms at Box Office With $11.4 Million DebutThe WrapJason Whitlock, Former ESPN and Fox Sports Reporter, Resurfaces at BlazeThe WrapFox News’ Mark Levin Says Capitol Riot Suspects ‘Would Be Treated Better’The Wrap’Sex and the City’ Sequel Series at HBO Max Adds 4 More ReturningThe Wrap whatsapp Tuesday 15 February 2011 8:38 pm KCS-content CBRE snaps up ING property arm for $1.1bn Show Comments ▼ CB RICHARD ELLIS looks set to become the world’s largest real estate investment manager (REIM) after it yesterday announced its plan to buy ING’s European and Asian property businesses for $1.1bn (£681m). New York-listed CBRE said yesterday that the cash purchase will improve its foothold in Europe and create a firm with $97.4bn of assets under management. The enlarged CBRE will overtake ING as the world’s biggest property investor by assets, and is poised to replace AXA as the largest in Europe. “With these transactions we continue to deliver on our strategic objectives of reducing exposure to real estate, simplifying our company and further strengthening our capital base,” said ING chief Jan Hommen.The sell-off will also help ING pay down €5bn (£4.2bn) of state aid following a government bailout in 2008. The $1.1bn deal to buy the REIM and some of ING’s equity interest in the funds is expected to close in the second half of 2011, and will be funded by CBRE’s cash pile as well as undrawn credit facilities. Bank of America Merrill Lynch advised CBRE, while Morgan Stanley advised ING. Tags: NULL
Atemi, the online gaming affiliate previously known as Rise Project, has acquired UK gaming affiliate 5 Star Traffic ahead of a potential initial public offering (IPO). Casino & games Regions: UK & Ireland Email Address Topics: Casino & games Marketing & affiliates Sports betting Strategy Atemi, the online gaming affiliate previously known as Rise Project, has acquired UK casino affiliate 5 Star Traffic ahead of a potential initial public offering (IPO).Under the deal, the terms of which have not been disclosed, Atemi has purchased 100% of the outstanding shares of 5 Star Traffic as it looks to strengthen its position in its core UK market.Atemi added the purchase will support its strategy of investing heavily in sports betting throughout the 2019-20 English Premier League football season.5 Star Traffic is described as one of the largest UK casino affiliates, spending more than £12m (€13.3m/$14.9m) per year on premium media.“We’re pleased to announce the addition of 5 Star Traffic to the group,” Atemi’s chief operating officer, Manuel Berndoerfler, said. “We will continue to operate the business independently but take advantage of the synergies and insight available to the media buyers and account management teams.“Adding more operators to our client list is exciting and we look forward to building on these relationships as we continue to grow our sports betting business in the back half of this year.”The deal comes after Atemi this month revealed its new brand and set out plans to pursue strategic acquisitions, with a view to listing on the London Alternative Investment Market in the coming months.Earlier this year, Atemi also launched a new sports betting comparison business, which has already grown media spend to more than £50,000 a day.Aside from the sports betting vertical, Atemi offers various services across casino and bingo, working with clients such as Bet365, Paddy Power Betfair and William Hill. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Atemi enhances UK position with 5 Star Traffic acquisition AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Tags: Online Gambling 23rd July 2019 | By contenteditor
Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh) listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh) 2017 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileRepublic Bank (Ghana) Limited, formerly known as HFC Bank Limited, is a financial services institution in Ghana offering banking products and services for the investment, corporate, retail and mortgage sectors as well as solutions for asset management, property management and development services. The company is focused on 4 segments: consumer, mortgage, corporate and microfinance banking. Mortgage banking services include home equity, home purchase or improvement mortgages and public-sector home schemes. Investment banking services include asset management, financial advisory, brokerage and managed funds. The commercial division offers a full-service product and service offering including home, education, executive and business loans and foreign trade and document processing services. Private banking services include cash management, investment accounts, mortgage facilities and safe custody services. Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited also provides foreign currency, institutional finance and electronic and mobile banking services. Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited is a subsidiary of Republic Financial Holdings Limited. Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange
Houses Projects Save this picture!© Fernando Alda + 7 Share ArchDaily Single-Family House in Pedro Verde / Elisa Valero Arquitectura Photographs: Fernando Alda Text description provided by the architects. The project is structured in horizontal layers, a system of plains that define a new line of land, the platform belonging to a classical temple that Martienssen defines as the first condition for Western architecture. Save this picture!PlanOver this line of land we built the shadow line, and between the two, an open place for contemplating, for looking into the distance. Inside this place, the scale expands in a double height protected by an enormous lintel. Save this picture!© Fernando Alda The volume of the bedrooms hung from a system of metal trusses and split to allow southern light and views draws the silhouette. Beneath the line of land, a basement includes the swimming pool, the garage and a den open to the garden.Project gallerySee allShow lessHalden Prison / Erik Møller Arkitekter + HLM arkitektur – The Most Humane Prison in …ArticlesAD Round Up: Best from Flickr Part LIIArticles Share “COPY” 2008 Architects: Elisa Valero Ramos Area Area of this architecture project Spain Single-Family House in Pedro Verde / Elisa Valero ArquitecturaSave this projectSaveSingle-Family House in Pedro Verde / Elisa Valero Arquitectura ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/153511/single-family-house-in-pedro-verde-elisa-valero-arquitectura Clipboard Year: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/153511/single-family-house-in-pedro-verde-elisa-valero-arquitectura Clipboard Photographs CopyHouses•Granada, Spain Area: 229 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project “COPY” CopyAbout this officeElisa Valero RamosOfficeFollowProductsGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesDabasGranadaHouses3D ModelingSpainPublished on July 29, 2011Cite: “Single-Family House in Pedro Verde / Elisa Valero Arquitectura” 29 Jul 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
Miriam CareyOct. 7 — Valarie Carey and Amy Carey-Jones are publicly asking why deadly force was used against their sister, Miriam Carey. Appearing on CNN’s New Day program today along with attorney Eric Sanders, Valarie Carey stated: “It actually doesn’t make any sense. And the question really isn’t why was she in Washington; the question is why was she killed in Washington. And all I can see, when I look at that video, is my sister’s afraid and she’s frightened and she’s trying to get out of there. She’s confused. She doesn’t know which way to go. And I just can’t imagine what she was thinking as she’s trying to get away from bullet shots.”She went on to say: “My sister didn’t have a gun. She was not shooting a weapon from her vehicle, so deadly physical force of a weapon being fired upon her car — I don’t believe was justified.”Beginning at 2 p.m. on Oct. 3, all the ruling-class media ran nonstop coverage about a car chase that took place in the heavy security area of Washington, D.C. The chase involved a driver who crashed gates in front of the White House and on Capitol Hill. Cameras focused on a full mobilization of D.C. Metropolitan and Capitol Hill police, along with the FBI and other armed federal agencies.There was endless commentary on how the lives of the police, who had their guns and automatic rifles drawn the entire time, were being threatened by the lone driver using the car as “a weapon.” After the car crashed with the driver still in the car, several police shot multiple times, killing the driver.That driver turned out to be a 34-year-old dental hygienist named Miriam Carey, from Stamford, Conn. She was shot so many times that it took longer than usual to identify her. This African-American woman and mother of a 13-month-old toddler — who was also in the car but reportedly not hurt — had lost her job in 2012. Her family and boyfriend reported that she had a history of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, head trauma and postpartum depression.For all the talk about the police being threatened, only two police officers were hurt, and those with only minor injuries. This was a lynching, pure and simple.Throughout the day, the press was speculating that maybe this was a terrorist attack. One question that the media have not asked: Why didn’t the police shoot at the car’s tires, instead of at Carey?After Carey was shot to death these same media, quoting the police, stated that the incident was “isolated.”But was it really an isolated incident? Not really. There are many current cases and many more to come of people suffering from mental illness who, instead of receiving the adequate treatment they deserve as fellow members of humanity, are locked up in prisons. One National Public Radio report estimated this number at 350,000.This lack of treatment is due to the systematic closing of hospitals coupled with unemployment, low-wage jobs, homelessness, deadly cuts in food stamps, etc. These problems bring many to the point of committing anti-social behavior, because all positive outlets for leading healthy lives have been eliminated under a profit-driven system now in crisis. For all the talk about “Obamacare,” there are millions of people, especially African Americans, the undocumented and the poor in general, who as of now will continue to go uninsured.There are also others, like Miriam Carey, who because of erratic behavior — even if not threatening — have wound up at the mercy of the shoot-to-kill mentality of the police and other repressive forces on a local, state and federal level. These victims and those imprisoned far outnumber the tiny handful of mentally ill people who actually have been a threat. And those threats — think of the recent massacres — might have been prevented if the individuals had received adequate mental health care.Miriam Carey does not deserve to be demonized. She did not exhibit criminal behavior. Any erratic behavior that she may have displayed did not warrant her slaughter.The criminal behavior belongs to the police and the big-business media that defend the cops’ actions when it comes to protecting the status quo of private property and its puppet politicians.In the meantime, another child loses its mother in a split second of senseless state violence. Justice for Miriam Carey!FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
At the conclusion of the spring semester, the Western Illinois University Board of Trustees announced that degree programs in African American and Women’s Studies would be eliminated. Programs dealing with these important areas of academic research will continue only on a downgraded level. Degrees in philosophy and religious studies were also cut. The trustees emphasized the decision could result in employees being retrenched.Providing a rationale for the nixing of the degree programs, the WIU registrar’s office said no degree in African-American studies, only two degrees in philosophy and women’s studies, and one degree in religious studies were earned by students in the current graduating class.The decision to remove the programs prompted opposition from both faculty and students. An online petition opposing the abolition of the philosophy program collected 1,656 supporters. Brian Powell, an associate professor of philosophy, said this sent a message that a lot of people “recognize the value of philosophy to the university.” (Chicago Tribune, June 11)The Peoria Journal Star pointed out: “The Board also voted to modify bilingual/bicultural education, public health, geography and musical theater degree programs. Trustees also approved the university’s fiscal year 2017 preliminary spending plan of $221.3 million. The spending plan is a decrease of $24.6 million from fiscal year 2016 All Funds Budget.” (June 10)Although the university trustees claimed their decision was not based on financial considerations but on lack of enrollment, the two areas of governance cannot be separated. The overall slashing of assistance programs from both the state and federal governments is a major contributing factor to cutbacks in higher education institutions across the U.S.In Illinois, the Republican governor and the Democratic leaders of the Legislature have waged pitched battle over the fiscal budget. Until a June 30 stopgap agreement, the state had gone for an entire year without an agreement on spending that impacts education, municipal and social services. WGN-TV emphasized the severity of the crisis, saying renewed absence of an agreement could mean catastrophic results for public and private sectors of the economy, such as hampering investment in the state.Nationwide decline in public fundingThe situation in Illinois involving education and other public expenditures follows a pattern over the last several years of increased attacks on programs that challenge dominant Eurocentric and male-oriented approaches to scholarship.These cuts in academic programs are not only occurring in higher education but also in public schools. In Chicago during the last four years, the teachers’ union has engaged in strikes and mass demonstrations against the elimination of programs, closing of school buildings and reduction in salaries and benefits for educators.In the city of Detroit, the periodic imposition of emergency management in the public school system since 1999 has not only brought the district into near insolvency. The elimination of music, art, sports and other programs has severely reduced the quality of the education given to mainly African-American and Latino/a youth.At Wayne State University in Detroit, that center of higher education for working-class and nationally oppressed peoples has experienced huge budget cuts, prompting the raising of tuition and housing costs. Enrollment is down substantially while the largest corporations in Michigan continue to be given huge tax breaks, which threaten to send the state into monumental budget deficits and consequently more austerity measures.The attacks on education parallel worsening problems of declining municipal services and infrastructure related to water, public transportation, environmental quality and assistance to low-income families and their children.Academic programs aimed at the recruitment and quality education of oppressed groups are being rapidly eviscerated under the guise of deficits and budget tightening. Academic programs and curricula designed to correct racist and sexist approaches to instruction and research — programs introduced to the educational arena as a result of protests and debate — are again becoming the subject of ridicule and liquidation.The need for renewed fightbackStates like Arizona and Texas have placed restrictions on what can be taught about nationally oppressed groups in the public education system. Arizona House Bill 2281, passed in 2010, threatened districts with loss of funding if they did not eliminate courses in Mexican-American studies. The actions sparked a movement that insisted those programs be reintroduced into the school system. Teachers and students held classes outside the schools, igniting demonstrations that gained some results in Arizona, Texas and California.The Atlantic magazine reported: “As the Tucson Unified School District’s governing board prepared to discuss removing Mexican-American studies from a list of classes that would count toward core requirements (seen by many as another move to demean it), nine students rushed the boardroom. They pulled chains from around their waists. Behind a curved wood desk with microphones, they sat in the board’s rolling chairs and locked themselves in place. They pounded the table and chanted, ‘When education is under attack, what do we do? Fight back!’” (July 19, 2015)These types of academic programs serve African Americans, Latino/as, women and other groups subjected to national and gender discrimination. The only way for the maintenance and reintroduction of the programs is through a process similar to that which originated them between the 1960s and 1990s. Students, backed by their communities, took over buildings and shut down campuses, creating a crisis that school administrations and the broader political establishment could not ignore.With the growth of people-of-color communities throughout the U.S. and the rapid transformation of so-called “minorities” into majorities, militant action will be required to make public education relevant to these constituencies. The struggle must be combined with the fight against austerity, which is a direct result of the crisis in modern-day capitalism and imperialism globally.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Duke university student Anthony Salgado said it best in an editorial for his university paper: “We need immigration revolution, not immigration reform.” (tinyurl.com/y695qdw9)Unfortunately, the Democratic Party establishment is not able to grasp this concept.But immigrants have had enough of false promises.A caravan of thousands of migrants from Honduras headed to the U.S. southern border clashed with Guatemalan authorities in late January.The immigrant/migrant/refugee population is hopeful about the election of President Joe Biden, primarily because it follows the exit of arch anti-immigrant Donald Trump. Their hopes have been fueled by progressive stands and edicts that Biden issued before taking office.But more and more workers are understanding and demanding that enough is enough. Genuine full rights and privileges to be in this country are long overdue. Legalization has been earned a hundred times over.What has Biden done so far?The tangled web that is immigration policy in the U.S. is not easy to reform. It is meant to be cumbersome and bureaucratic.On Jan. 20 according to Reuters, Biden signed “a half a dozen executive orders to reverse several hard-line immigration policies put in place by . . . Donald Trump, although migration experts warn that it will take months or longer to unravel many of the restrictions imposed in the past four years.” (tinyurl.com/1frsu3tu)One of those orders is an attempt to end the “Remain in Mexico” policy — also known as the Migrant Protection Protocols. This onerous Trump edict cruelly sent most asylum seekers back to Mexico instead of letting people wait in this country. Under dire conditions, many living in tent cities, migrants and refugees had to wait in Mexico for their asylum hearings in U.S. courts.According to the Texas Tribune, more than 70,000 people had been enrolled in the program. (Texas Tribune, Feb. 4) But even though Biden took these initial steps, over 20,000 asylum-seeking families are still stranded across the border.This statelessness leaves these workers vulnerable to all kinds of abuses, including human trafficking and rape. Migrant organizations in Mexico and Central America face an overload of work, with fewer and fewer resources for the tens of thousands who are roaming the Americas in search of security.Biden called for a moratorium on deportations, yet hundreds are still being deported. Immigrants from Jamaica, Guatemala, Haiti and Honduras have been sent back despite this moratorium.In an example of how the Trump legacy has a hold, a U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of Texas granted a temporary restraining order to stop the Biden order. Worse yet, the Justice Department has not fought to block this inhumane order. (AP, Feb. 1)Children placed with human traffickersThe National Law Review reports President Biden signed three other executive orders on immigration Feb. 2. These include: “creating a task force that will seek to reunite families separated during the previous administration . . .” And the duties “include working to find parents and children who were separated at the border.”However, this could be like the fox guarding the hen house.It should be remembered that the NY Times reported Jan. 28, 2016, that the “Department of Health and Human Services placed more than a dozen immigrant children in the custody of human traffickers, after it failed to conduct background checks of caregivers.”On Sept 3, 2020, CNN reported: “Hundreds of migrant children have been held in hotels and guarded by government contractors . . . as part of a secretive new system that advocates warn puts kids in danger. Immigrant and civil rights groups accuse the government of using the pandemic to create a shadow immigration system that skirts the law, with authorities denying vulnerable children protections they’re entitled to and rushing to kick them out of the country.“‘These children are being held at what are essentially black sites, with no access to the outside world . . .’ said Karla Marisol Vargas, a senior attorney at the Texas Civil Rights Project.”It is difficult to imagine therefore how a mere Biden task force can resolve this shocking problem.Role of U.S. imperialismThe second order “addresses implementing a plan for safe and lawful migration,” calling “for the study . . . of the underlying issues that currently drive migrants from their homes, particularly . . . from Central America.”This order can be problematic, leading to further delays. Perhaps lawmakers should look out the window. A weather report is not needed if you can see the rain pouring down. No study is necessary to know why workers are leaving their homelands. These issues are widely documented, and the primary reason is U.S. imperialism.In 2009, the Obama administration, with Hillary Clinton as Secretary of State, supported and orchestrated a right-wing coup in Honduras. This further helped multinational corporations drain the economies and lands of these fertile countries. The people impacted by Obama/Clinton policy are now in tents in Matamoras, Mexico, waiting for rightly deserved asylum.A recent hurricane devastated Honduras and forced workers out of their already impoverished situation. It led to another caravan of 7,000 people to the U.S. on foot and during a pandemic.The Biden administration is talking about throwing more money to these corrupt governments, which will not help the masses at all.More delay and stallThe third and final executive order demands a “top-to-bottom review” of current immigration policies. It instructs agencies to review the “public charge” rule — “which permits the U.S. government to deny admission to an immigrant if it believes that individual is likely to accept certain public benefits.” The order further directs agencies to conduct “thorough reviews of recent regulations, policies and guidance that have created barriers to legal immigration in the United States.”This sounds like a weighty bureaucratic exercise to delay and stall.Undocumented workers have lived in the shadows long enough — they have paid taxes, contributed to the economy and their communities. DACA students have boldly stated they will not be pitted against their parents, neighbors or relatives. They do not want to be treated as some migrant elite; they want legalization for themselves and their community. This is a huge sign of solidarity and unity.The pandemic proved to the entire country — and especially to the bosses and the ruling class — that undocumented and immigrant workers are essential. They deserve legalization now.A fellow at the Migration Policy Institute stated, “This is the boldest immigration agenda any administration has put forward in generations,” (LA Times, Jan. 27)But is it? Can the Biden administration really stand up to the arch reactionary Republicans, corporate vultures, bureaucratic entanglements and ICE agents who think and act like racist police? Can it stand up to the white supremacists who fear the turn of the tide when workers of color become the majority?The Biden administration already had his initiative of a 100-day freeze on deportations temporarily blocked. So who really has the power to win full legalization, human and worker rights for migrant, refugees and the undocumented? Who has the political will to dismantle policies and institutions that deny rights to the people? Who will listen to Anthony Salgado?Time will tell. But it’s now or never, Joe.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Vaccine Racism: How wealthy nations stockpile life-saving vaccines while poor countries and poor people within these countries are ignored. How Western countries criticize China, despite China’s success in containing the virus and providing vaccines to the world.Feb. 23China and Russia are among the first countries in the world to vaccinate people [against COVID-19], according to the website Our World in Data. By Dec. 15, 2020, at least 1.5 million Chinese had taken a jab. The U.S. and U.K. had also begun their vaccination campaigns in early December; by Dec. 15 they had vaccinated around half a million people.So far, China is leading the world in the number of people who are fully vaccinated or have at least received the first jab. According to the Chinese media, as of Jan. 23, nearly 16 million had taken a jab, closely followed by the number of people vaccinated in the U.S. As of Feb. 9, China had administered 40.52 million doses and the U.S. had given 43.2 million.It was just like a neck-to-neck race. The Chinese vaccination campaign slowed down over the Chinese New Year holiday (Feb. 11-17). By Feb. 21 some 63 million people in the U.S. had taken the shot, compared with China’s estimated 53 million. But with the holiday now over, China is expected to increase the speed and catch up again quickly.China and the U.S. face very different situations. At the current rate, the U.S. could vaccinate its population in six months; many estimate that China, with 1.4 billion people, will take up to two years to fully vaccinate its population. However, because of its very effective anti-pandemic strategy, with its very low COVID infection rate, experts believe that, unlike the U.S., China does not need to rush for full vaccination in order to achieve the goal of “herd immunity.”China has already won the epidemic war, and now is acting to prevent any new outbreaks of the virus.Its first vaccination priorities, after medical workers, are workers who face the public or handle imported goods. These include logistics workers, bus drivers, hospitality workers and so on. Seniors in China are less likely to become infected with the virus, so the priority for vaccinating them comes after these public workers – unlike in the Western world, where public workers are often at the bottom of the list. That’s one of the reasons China can vaccinate its citizens at a comfortable rate and be able to allocate enough vaccines to ship to the rest of the world — and the strategy is working.As for vaccine solidarity, China has become the world’s biggest vaccine-exporting country, especially of vaccines going to the developing countries of the Global South. It must be pointed out that while the U.S. and European countries have made much of the billions of doses of their vaccines that have been ordered, in reality “ordered” is very different from orders that have been shipped. Most Chinese orders are firm orders or orders that will be delivered soon.Who’s leading the global vaccine race?As of mid-February ten COVID-19 vaccines had been approved for Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) around the world – and China leads the way, with four of them (Sinopharm/Beijing, Sinopharm/Wuhan, CanSino and Sinovac). The U.S. has one (Moderna), U.S.-Germany have one (Pfizer/BioNTech), the U.K.-Sweden have one (Oxford/AstraZeneca), Russia has two (Sputnik V, EpiVacCorona), and India has one (Covaxin).According to Our World in Data, as of Feb. 21 about 98 countries/regions were ordering the vaccines. The overwhelming majority (approximately 85 countries/regions) ordered Western-made vaccines (Oxford/AstraZeneca, Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna, Johnson&Johnson). Approximately 16 countries were ordering Chinese vaccines (Sinopharm/Beijing, Sinopharm/Wuhan, Sinovac) while nine countries were ordering a Russian vaccine (Sputnik V).However, “ordered” doesn’t mean they have received the vaccines, or even will receive them soon. At the Feb. 19 United Nations meeting on COVID-19 vaccines, UN Secretary General António Guterres sharply criticized the “wildly uneven and unfair” distribution of COVID vaccines, in which only ten countries in the world, notably the U.S., Canada and eight western European countries, have taken 75 percent of all vaccine doses, while 130 other countries have received not a single dose.Dog eat dog vaccine nationalism, imperialism and vaccine apartheid racismWealthy nations are hoarding most vaccines and denying them to poor nations. It is the U.S./U.K against Europe, rich people against poor people, white against people of color — a racist vaccine pyramid where wealthy Western whites are at the top of the food chain and the non-white poor, developing countries are always at the bottom.So far very few Western-made vaccines have been delivered to the Global South. The terms “vaccine imperialism” and “distribution racism” are based on rich countries buying up most Western-made vaccines — far more than they need, leaving very few for developing countries.For fair global vaccine distribution, the World Health Organization (WHO), along with the Global Vaccine Alliance (GAVI) and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), created COVAX. It hopes to deliver more than two billion doses of the vaccines to people in 190 countries in less than a year. In particular, it wants to ensure 92 poorer countries will receive access to vaccines at the same time as 98 wealthier countries.COVAX has raised $6 billion, with an additional $2 billion neede for 2021.So who’s funding COVAX and which countries might benefit most from the deal? From the birth of COVAX, it has been working closely with Western countries and their pharmaceutical companies, helping them to quickly dominate the global vaccine market. The U.K. ($734 million) and the U.S. ($4 billion) are some of the biggest donors for COVAX; these countries got their vaccines approved from the beginning, such as the U.K.’s Oxford/AstraZeneca COVID vaccine, which helped them become the world’s biggest vaccine providers.But big orders don’t mean they’re able to fulfill orders quickly. Just like a used car salesperson, they only push hard for more orders, cutting the competition out (in this case, Chinese and Russian vaccines) in order to control the market, but they are not concerned with how to deliver their products or the quality of them. With a billion doses ordered, the first batch of Western vaccines is only guaranteed for the Western world. The rest of the world, sorry! They’ll need to wait months, even a year before receiving their products.Besides the ongoing vaccine wars between the U.K. and the EU over Oxford/AstraZeneca supplies, hardly any vaccines have been sent to other countries.According to research by Duke University’s Global Health Innovation Center, as of Jan. 19 high-income countries had ordered nearly 4.2 billion doses, while lower-middle and low-income countries have ordered less than 700 million. One can argue a country should preorder at least 1-2 year supplies, but many wealthy nations have preordered far more vaccine then they will need. For example:– The European Union with a population of 450 million has ordered 1.85 billion doses, enough for everyone to be vaccinated four times.– The United States with a population of 331 million has ordered 1.21 billion doses, also enough for everyone to be vaccinated four times.– Australia, population of 25.5 million, has ordered 115 million doses, enough for everyone to be vaccinated 4.5 times.– An extreme example is Canada, with a population of 37.7 million people. Canada has ordered 362 million doses, a whopping big number enabling everyone to be vaccinated nine times!By comparison, the vaccine “have-nots” of the Global South are in a dire situation:– El Salvador, with 6.5 million people, has ordered 2 million doses, only enough to vaccinate one out of every three people.– The African Union, with 1.32 billion people, has ordered 270 million doses; just enough to vaccinate one out of every five people, or 20 percent of the population.– Iraq, with a population of 40 million, has ordered 1.5 million doses, sadly only enough for 4 percent of the Iraqi population to get a jab.Why are Western countries overbuying vaccines? Some activists suggest they’re running a vaccine market monopoly scheme — where they control the market, so they control the price. As with the futures trading market, they can sell their “excess” vaccines to poor countries for political ransom or a higher price.Besides vaccine nationalism, there is also vaccine blockade, where Western economies prevent countries without U.S. dollars or bank wire transfer power from buying vaccines. This has become the new imperialist weapon against other countries.U.S. illegal sanctions against Iran have prevented the Iranians from purchasing life-saving PPE, medical equipment and now vaccines, because they do not have access to U.S. dollars (the common currency for international trade) or international wire transfer service. Basically, international wire transfer needs a SWIFT code, which is controlled by the U.S.Israel has much-hyped that it fully vaccinated its citizens in a very short time, but in Palestine, across the nearby apartheid wall, people are not getting life-saving vaccines.Vaccine community distribution racism in the U.S.As of mid-February, the U.S. has been administering approximately 1.5 million doses of vaccine daily, yet vaccine distribution inequality is very much in evidence in the inner-city communities of poor people of color. It can be traced back to the historical roots of racism and economic oppression.In Los Angeles County in mid-February, for example, according to L.A. County data, the rate of vaccination among white and Asian residents continues to be significantly higher than among Black/African American and Latino/Latinx residents:– Black/African Americans are 9 percent of the 16-and-older county population, but they have received only 5.2 percent of the vaccinations to date.– Latinx residents are 46 percent of the 16-and-older county population but represent only 23 percent of those vaccinated.The main reason for this discrepancy is that the poor communities continue to lack convenient access to vaccination facilities, which is not the case in affluent white communities.It’s the same dire situation in Chicago. Non-white Chicagoans, who make up a majority of COVID-19 cases, have faced enormous difficulties in signing up for vaccine appointments because of technology barriers and “pharmacy deserts.” According to the Guardian newspaper:“Despite Black people only accounting for 30% of Chicago’s population, Black Chicagoans make up 60% of all COVID-19 cases. And lack of hospitals, prominence of food deserts, and other inequalities has turned COVID-19 into an even more lethal health crisis for these communities. But even during Chicago’s Phase 1A, when only healthcare workers and long-term care facility residents and staff were eligible for vaccination, the majority of those vaccinated were from more affluent areas such as downtown and the North Side….”Furthermore, the Tuskegee experiment, a notorious example of historical economic and medical inequality, has meant that many African Americans remain hesitant about the new COVID-19 vaccine.According to an October 2020 report published by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC), only 29 percent of African Americans in the state said they would “definitely” or “probably” get a COVID-19 vaccine. The low confidence among this racial group stands in stark contrast to the 54 percent of Latinos, 60 percent of whites and 70 percent of Asian Californians who said they would definitely or probably get a vaccine. (On a positive note, African Americans’ attitude toward vaccination has slowly improved over the past few months since the vaccine campaign has been underway.)With historical distrust from the community and inadequate access to vaccination sites, the inner-city communities of the poor and people of color will definitely be losers in the vaccine fight.China global vaccine solidarityWhile China was not on the initial COVAX vaccine list, it has sent and/or donated millions of vaccine doses around the world — especially to the Global South.According to Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, by mid-February China had donated vaccines to 53 developing countries, including Somalia, Iraq, South Sudan and Palestine. It has also exported vaccines to 22 countries. In addition, it launched research and development cooperation projects with more than ten countries. Also at the WHO’s request, China will contribute 10 million doses of vaccines to COVAX.As of Feb. 14, according to China Global Times, at least 40 countries had ordered or donated at least 561 million doses of Chinese vaccines; some of the main buyers include Peru (38 million), Mexico (35 million), Indonesia (122.8 million), Philippines (25 million doses with an additional 0.6 million donation), Turkey (50 million), Brazil (120 million) and Chile (60 million). Other buyers include Colombia, Uruguay, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand and Laos — and Morocco, Egypt, Seychelles, Zimbabwe, Senegal and Equatorial Guinea in Africa.In Europe, Serbia received Chinese vaccines, making that country the second most vaccinated in Europe, following the U.K. Hungary became the first EU member state to receive Chinese vaccines (which are not yet EU-approved for use).China’s vaccine success across the world shows the true meaning of global solidarity. Not surprisingly, the Western countries are responding with nonsense skepticism and jealous rage. They are spreading unfounded rumors about Chinese vaccine safety (just as the U.S. did last year, when it spread the so-called “Wuhan military lab leaked virus” hoax).However, for the past two months a dozen global leaders have taken the Chinese jab in front of cameras to show their support for Chinese vaccines, including:– Seychelles President Wavel Ramkalawan– Turkish President Tayyip Erdoğan– Indonesian President Joko Widodo– Sheik Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of United Arab Emirates (UAE)– Equatorial Guinea President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo– Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić– Jordanian Prime Minister Bisher Al-Khasawneh– Chilean President Sebastián Piñeraand many other global leaders and top government officials.Why? In addition to many countries resisting Western vaccine imperialism, experts say Chinese vaccines are better suited for the Global South. Chinese vaccines cost less and have easier logistical requirements, considering that Pfizer’s mRNA vaccine needs ultra-cold freezers, a technology and cost which many developing countries cannot afford.Western countries’ vaccine racism, imperialism and mismanagement have caused massive and chaotic vaccine development and distribution drama and a vaccination logistics mess.While pushing unfounded claims about Chinese vaccine safety, Western mainstream media have mentioned little about the deaths of 23 elderly Norwegians after they took the Pfizer vaccine.Nor are the media reporting critical scientific analyses. As of Feb. 12, with approximately 43 million people vaccinated, there have been nearly 16,000 cases of adverse effects (or 3 out of 10,000) reported after receiving the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines. There have been 929 deaths in the U.S. of people who have taken the vaccines, some of which could possibly be attributed to the vaccines. Whatever their reasons, the silence of the Western media and the corporate science community leaves a lot of room for right-wing anti-Vaxxer movements to use the data to support their wild vaccine conspiracy theories.So, what should we do?Progressive activists from anti-racist, community, peace and social justice movements around the world are increasingly critical of the giant corporate pharmaceutical companies in Western countries for engaging in racism and vaccine imperialism against communities of color within their countries and poor countries across the globe.Many are calling for a broad-based vaccine justice campaign to hold wealthy Western nations and their multinational pharmaceutical companies accountable and for inviting communities, countries from the Global South, and China to actively participate in coming up with a solution. DIVIDED WE FALL, UNITED WE WIN! Together we build global solidarity for faster, more affordable and more equitable distribution of vaccines to all communities and around the world.Lee Siu Hin is a national coordinator of the National Immigrant Solidarity Network; the China-U.S. Solidarity Network (CUSN); and e-Medical Alliance, a network of academia and community activists for both countries committed to grassroots dialogue. Lee can be reached at [email protected] and is currently launching a community-based global vaccine justice campaign. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this